Vector borne diseases are diseases carried by for example a bug (the vector) from one animal to another, or to man. Examples of a vector are mosquitoes and ticks. These diseases are becoming more common in the Netherlands and Europe.
Most animal diseases that occur in the Netherlands, spread directly from one to the other animal. But there are other diseases on the rise. Diseases and insects that were previously only in the tropics and subtropics, are traveling more and more northern and coming to the Netherlands. Because of global warming germs and insects can survive in areas where it used to be too cold. Also people, animals and goods travel around the world, so undetected diseases and insects can hitch a ride. This increases the chance of spreading animal diseases.
Diseases that are transmitted by insects, such as Rift Valley Fever and Bluetongue, ask for a specific control strategy. The best control is the prevention of the diseases. This means, among other things, strict control on import of animals, knowledge about where the diseases occurred and the development and application of diagnosis and vaccines.